The History of the name Leclerc
This patronymic results from the name clerk, " clerk enjoying the privilege of clergie ". In the course of the years and according to the understanding of the priests and the notaries, the written form of certain patronymics is modified. Spelling variants: Leclerc, Leclair, Leclaire, Leclercq, Leclère, Le Clère. The patronymic FRANCOEUR Leclair or Leclerc, very popular in France, possesses in Nouvelle-France, more than a dozen bearers different founders.
JEANS LECLERC, SAYS FRANCOEUR
Jean Leclerc was a Breton been born in St-Nicholas of Redon, episcopal city of Nantes, in Atlantique-Loire near Bretagne. Nevertheless the evil which gave itself madam Luce Jean Haffner to find the baptismal certificate of and that of the marriage of his parents, Jean Leclerc and Perrine Merceron, the expected results practically gave nothing. A baptismal certificate, registered on December 6, 1643, of Perrine Merceron, girl of Jean Merceron and Jeanne Bernard, goddaughter of Bernard Merceron and Perrine Verger, turns out the only consolation prize of this patient and expensive looks for. According to our Canadian information, Jean Leclerc would have been born by 1659.
A big number of our first ancestors came here as soldiers. All, in some exceptions near, carried a nickname. Jean Leclerc said Francoeur, enlisted under the flags of his country, in a date which is unknown us. In Canada, we know that he had for captain of his company Pierre-Louis Decloches. This serviceman attends the burial of Abraham Chartron, on December 10, 1684, at Ste-Famille, Ile D'orléans. Next years, until 1691 , we find him several times to Laprairie, as Jean Leclerc said Francoeur, witness in marriages or in graves.
As for his soldier Jean Leclerc, says Francoeur, 32-year-old in 1691, it is normal to suppose that he is an old private and that he is in the Colony for some years. But no serious indication comes to support this hypothesis. Louis of Buade de Palluau, count of Frontenac, became a governor general of 1689, year the massacre of Lachine, in 1698. In 1690, Sir William Phips, with 32 vessels variously, 900 sailors and 1,300 men of the militia, attacked Quebec, on October 16, by making a landing at Beauport. Four days later, it was the defeat. There were all the same wounded persons and deaths. Was Jean Leclerc in Quebec during this crucial moment of our young history? Maybe. And here is why. In the island of Orlêans, when the missionary Jean Henri Tremblay drafts Jean Leclerc's marriage certificate, and Marie-Madeleine Langlois on Thursday , November 22, 1691. he gives the following precision: Jean Leclerc, says Francoeur. " 32-year-old being left to the Saint-Family for eight months although soldier of the company of Mr DesCloches, captain in the detachment of the Marine in Canada... Jean Leclerc thus lived at an inhabitant's of The Island since March 1691. " At the end of 1690, he should thus be in Quebec as defender of the city. The soldiers, in the time, had no beautiful barracks as today. During slack season, even settled, they often lived at an inhabitant's by paying their pension or by earning the keep by different useful works. Why had Francoeur spent the beautiful season in? Had he been hurt?
Jean Leclerc is always a soldier, because he obtained the permission to get married of the count of Frontenac.. " In this time, it was necessary to have the permission of the authorities so that a soldier or an officer can get married " Furthermore, witnesses, who are not named and who know the candidate for the future marriage guaranteed that Francoeur was free and that he was not married in France.
Marie-Madeleine Langlois, baptized on June 3, 1674 to Saint-Family, 17 years, was a girl orphan of Jean Langlois, said Boisverdun, and about Charlotte-Françoise Bélanger, granddaughter of Norman Christmas Langlois and of Françoise Grenier, daughter-in-law of Thomas Rousseau remarried to Charlotte-Françoise Bélanger since September 4, 1691.
Jean and Marie-Madeleine thus receive the wedding ceremony in Saint- Pierre's church, in the presence of the captain DesCloches come for the occasion, from the father-in-law Thomas Rousseau, from the brother Jean Langlois and from two inhabitants of the place: Claude Guyon and Gabriel Lachance. One knows that the captain DesCloches, on the previous November 13, was for Laprairie for the grave of a child of Charles-Gaspard Plot, Mr. of The Angloiserie, too captain of a detachment of the navy. The fast highway of time, it was the river Saint Laurent. Where did Francoeur live their first wedding year? Probably at Thomas Rousseau who says better?
Saint-Jean-Port-Joly's current parish includes the territory situated among Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies in the northeast and the L'Islet in the southwest, that is the fief of Islet-à-la-Peau and the seigneury of Port-Joly. The fief of Islet-à-la-Peau or Rhéaume, one half-league in width, was Marie-Anne's Juchereau property of Saint-Denis, widow François Pollet; the seigneury of Port-Joly was granted May 25, 1677 by Frontenac to Noël Langlois says Traversy, uncle of Marie-Madeleine Langlois said Boisverdun. The first Lord Langlois, rather poor, after ten years, sells his two league property frontally on the river to Charles Aubert, Mr. of LaChesnaye, on November 19, 1686. His two based on a tax qualification first ones are Joseph Caron, a carpenter, and Nicolas Durand, mentioned in the census of 1681.
This long introduction helps us to understand the arrival of Francoeur to Port-Joly, by 1693. The ancestor had probably been demobilized probably in 1692. he had obtained then, verbally maybe, a concession of LaChesnaye in the seigneury of Port-Joly, property is placed next Durand. It is only October 20, 1704 when really important precision is revealed to us. After the death of the Lord Aubert, Guillaume Gaillard guardian of the succession, puts of the order in the papers of the deceased. he uses a note of concession dated February 7, 1695 by which Jean Leclerc obtained the permission to exploit an earth. This October 20, 1704, Strapping grants thus officially to present Leclerc and accepting an earth situated to Port-Joly containing 6 acres of wide on 40 of the depth (measure of length being approximately worth 58.47 m, or 191.8 feet) from the the nordest to the domain of the seigneury of the other side the habitation of Nicolas Durand. The rights of hunting and of are attached to the concession sin. Obligations to look every year 6 pounds of pension, 6 sols of taxable rating and a capon at 20 grounds.
Léon Roy brings back that Jean Leclerc and Jacques Chouinard entered lawsuit, in 1705 , about a ditches.
Leclerc and Francoeur do not certainly lower all of Jean Leclerc said Francoeur and about Marie - Madeleine Langlois, but can be certain that all Leclerc says Francoeur (and vice versa) goes down from them.The francoeurie first Canadian consists of nine well identified members: Joseph, Jean-Baptiste, Marie-Madeleine, Geneviève, the twins Hélène and Cécile, baptized at the house on February 27, 1702, Étienne, Joachim and Louis; three first one possess their baptismal certificate to Cap-Saint-Ignace; others, in the L'lslet. It is only in 1738 when a small chapel was built to Port-Joly. As for registers, they were much later opened.
Jean-Baptist, baptized on April 19, 1695, did not leave the other signs of life. The younger child Louis, the godchild of Louis Bélanger on July 7, 1709, died at the age of 12. The same day in November 24, 1727, to I'Islet, three girl Francoeur celebrates their marriage: Marie - Madeleine, with Jean Boucher, Hélène, with Pierre Saint; Cécile, with François Jean. The three couples accumulated together 25 shoots. As for Geneviève, she gives her heart to Augustine Duval says Dupaulo, on January 7, 1730, to I'Islet. Marguerite Durand, a neighbour, takes as husband the elder son Joseph Francoeur, on November 20, 1724. Marriage to I'Islet father of 9 children, is buried on January 11, 1759 À la Pocatière, February 3, 1733. Marie-Claire Thiboutot celebrates his marital unions with Étienne Francoeur, 28 years. The couple made responsible for a dozen children, Joachim Leclerc, said Francoeur, fetches his partner of life to Soucy, in La Pocatière. Marriage of Joachim and Catherine, widow of Jean-Baptiste-Louis Moreau, on November 24, 1738. Joachim, father of 11 children, is interred in Pocatière, on July 4, 1772. The third generation presents to the society 64 subjects. A success !
Jean Leclerc had been born in in St-Nicholas of Redon, episcopal city of Nantes, in Atlantique-Loire near Bretagne the longest river of France; in Canada. Saint Laurent of the ile of Orlêans and Port-Joly was his horizon. In 1709, he leaves his to reach the limits of a horizon without border. Dead on Tuesday , January 8. His burial took place only the 11 of the same month. Was it one time of storm? Was it difficult to join the priest of Cap-Saint-Ignace? The abbot Yves Leriche, on Fridays, chairs the burial, in L'Islet. Jean leaves behind him a young family, a 39-year-old wife. A posthumous son, Louis, will be born on June 26 of the same year.
How Marie - Madeleine Langlois does she manage to live and to survive? All the children united to help their mother. All, delayed contracting marriage. They lived all in harmony.
On October 21, 1701, Marie-Madeleine Langlois had sold his part of inheritance or portion of earth: 3 perches and 11 1/2 feet in width, to her brother Pierre Langlois on the point to marry Marie-Angélique Baillargeon, in The Island of Orlêans. Madam Francoeur had then received 100 counting pounds and the promise of 200 others to receive in two equal terms.
The mother of Marie-Madeleine had married in second marital unions Thomas Rousseau, father of 11 children, on July 4, 1691, to Saint-Pierre de L'Ile, Geneviève Langlois, sister of widow Francoeur, had taken as husband Norman Guillaume Levitre, carpenter of vessel, on November 27, 1690. By inheritance, in 1710 , madam Leclerc possesses another 3 perches 2 feet 3 thumbs in paternel earth, parish Saint-Pierre de L' Ile. On October 23, she sells him to her brother-in-law Levitre this fraction of farm. Price: 110 pounds among which 60 counting in currency of card.
Barbel, J. ( 1703-1740 )
Sale on one hand of earth situated in the island and the county St Laurant, parish Holy Pierre; by Madeleine Langlois, widow of Jean Leclerc, Port-Jolly, to Guillaume Levitre, boss carpenter, of the city of Quebec. Réf.: the Parchment, in October 23, 1710 ( Qc), CD-ROM. * 17101023PA000558, Chamber of the notaries of Quebec.
One reminds that, for lack of surgeon to Port-Joly, Marie-Madeleine Langlois was a midwife.
In 1723, the property Francoeur possesses: house, barn, cowshed, 28 acres of and ploughable earth and 4 of prairie.
The queen of the home Leclerc survived 32 years, after the death of her husband. She was interred in Islet, on Tuesday , September 5, 1741.
Transplant Chambalon. In October 21, 1701: in October 20, 1704; in October 23, 1710.
Jetté, René, Genealogical Dictionary of the Families of Quebec ( 1983 ), p. 676.
Lafontaine. André, Census annotated by Short story - New-France 1681 ( 1986 ). P. 195.
Ouellet, Gérard, My Parish Saint Jean Port-Joly ( 1945 ). Pp. 9 13 , 15 , 18, 29.
Tanguay, Cyprien Dictionnaire Généalogique of the Canadian Families ( 1888 ), 5. Pp. 236-240.